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Crowd management as planning task: a social geographical perspective on mass and space at major events Crowd management als Planungsaufgabe: eine sozialgeographische Perspektive auf Masse und Raum bei Großveranstaltungen

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The aim of the paper is to facilitate a theoretical approach of crowd management as research topic in social geography and spatial planning. The planning and realization of mass events are challenging, especially in regard to safety and security issues. The branch of event safety is about to professionalize, although the topic of crowd management has not gained much interest in German academic discourses yet. Mass events need to be understood as interdisciplinary projects at the intersection between social psychology, spatial planning, and risk management. The paper develops a holistic notion of crowd management. On the basis of Canetti's phenomenology of masses a theoretical framework for the social geographical understanding of the social psychology of space is proposed and further developed.

German
Das Ziel des Artikels ist es, ,,crowd management“ als Thema für die sozialgeographische Forschung sowie für die raumplanerische Praxis zu erschließen. Insbesondere aus Sicherheitsgründen ist das Management von Groß- und Massenveranstaltungen auf verschiedenen Maßstabsebenen eine Herausforderung. Die Branche der Veranstaltungssicherheit professionalisiert sich, aber das Thema ,,crowd management“ wurde in Deutschland bis dato akademisch noch nicht umfassend aufgearbeitet. Massenveranstaltungen sind interdisziplinäre Projekte an den Schnittstellen von Sozialpsychologie, Raumplanung und Risikomanagement. Der Artikel entwickelt ein ganzheitliches Verständnis von ,,crowd management“. Auf der Basis von Canettis Massenphänomenologie wird ein theoretischer Rahmen für eine sozialgeographische Perspektive auf die Sozialpsychologie des Raumes entworfen.
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Language: German

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 October 2012

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  • Since its beginning in 1895, the Geographische Zeitschrift has been one of the leading journals in its field. To this day, its mission is to be the voice of both theory-based empirical research and the theoretical and methodological debate in human geography. As an internationally respected professional journal, it is committed to the highest standards. The originality, high quality and topicality of its articles are guaranteed by international expert referees. By transcending traditional subject boundaries, the Geographische Zeitschrift makes a decisive contribution to the continuing evolution of human geography. It prints German- and English-language articles.
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