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The Challenge of Tonal Fan Noise Prediction for an Aircraft Engine in Flight

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Expensive fly-over tests are needed to verify that noise certification standards are fulfilled. Currently, no numerical alternative exists to perform a holistic "virtual fly-over" test. As a step towards enabling such evaluations in the future, the authors focus on an isolated noise source – the tonal rotor-stator-interaction (RSI) of the fan stage. A high-fidelity simulation relying on a state-of-the-art yet computationally efficient method is performed for a V2527 aircraft engine in approach conditions. The computational domain includes the noise generation in the fan stage, its propagation in the engine inlet and bypass duct, as well as its radiation into the far field. Installation effects due to bifurcations and struts in the duct, ESS (engine section stator), liners, and inflow distortions are not considered. Post-processing methods are introduced and applied to the numerical data to allow for a meaningful comparison of the results to microphone data recorded during fly-over experiments. In particular, great care is taken to quantify the numerical dissipation of the simulation inside the nacelle and to enable a suitable correction of the numerical data. The numerical simulation cannot fully reproduce the experimental data indicating that its level of complexity is not yet sufficient. As there is no obvious cause for the mismatch, it would be necessary to incrementally increase the complexity of the simulation in order to pinpoint the most significant sources and effects.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2019

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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