Comparison of Human and Artificial Playing of a Single Reed Instrument
This work presents an aspirating artificial player and studies its ability to reproduce how a musician plays. This device is designed in order to characterise reeds in realistic playing conditions, ensuring controllable and repeatable measurements. The experiments are conducted using a simplified clarinet equipped with an instrumented mouthpiece. The simplified musical instrument can be played by a musician or artificially. The working range of the artificial player is studied for different artificial lip positions and supply pressures. The playing parameters (frequency, pressure amplitude and reed displacement amplitude) obtained with the artificial player are compared with those obtained with a musician. This allows for the identification of the optimal working point in which the artificial player best reproduces the musician's playing. The pressure difference across the reed and the displacement signals are compared for the musician and the artificial player. The artificial player reproduces accurately the pressure difference across the reed, but not the displacement. In the open position, inertial effects appear in the reed displacement for the musician, but not for the artificial player. This reveals differences between the artificial and the musician's lip.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: November 1, 2018
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- Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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