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Single-Channel Speech Dereverberation in Noisy Environment for Non-Orthogonal Signals

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The detrimental effect of speech reverberation reduces speech quality, limits the performance of automatic speech recognition systems and impairs hearing aids. Spectral enhancement (SE) is a popular method for suppressing the late reverberation and background noise. However, conventional SE-based approaches assume orthogonality between the desired and undesired signal components. This orthogonality assumption does not hold true in most of the practical cases due to a limited time-domain support and the short-time stationarity of the speech signals, and thereby, affects estimation accuracy. To circumvent this issue, Lu et al. relaxed the orthogonality assumption by proposing a geometric approach to spectral subtraction (GSS) and evaluated their algorithm against different kinds of background noise. In our work, we comprehensively analyze the model by virtue of a simplified GSS transfer function to gain an insight into the algorithm. We conduct a series of experiments to validate GSS and explore its limitations in diverse realistic scenarios with both reverberation and background noise through a comprehensive end-to-end system for speech dereverberation and noise suppression. We also analyze the performance of GSS using the experimental data of the 2014 REVERB challenge and compare it with other conventional approaches such as spectral subtraction, Wiener Filter, minimum mean square error short-time spectral amplitude estimator and log spectral amplitude estimator, as well as with the contemporary methods of the 2014 REVERB challenge.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2018

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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