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Open Access The Precedence Effect: Spectral, Temporal, and Intensitive Interactions

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Within the phenomenon termed the precedence effect, location dominance of the leading signal has been associated with the time-course of spatial cues, with stimulus onset playing a dominant role. For a continuous stimulus consisting of lead and lag components, each with different interaural delays, a pattern of interaural level differences and interaural time delays will be created that varies in a specific manner as a function of frequency. In principle, provided that a sufficiently large spectral interval is available, this type of frequency dependence allows one to infer the direction of the leading sound source. We investigated precedence using such lead-lag stimuli and asked listeners to judge the lateral position(s) of the stimuli, depending on spectral content. Results suggest that with such stimuli, lateralization is dominated by interaural cues available within and across auditory filters. In addition, the data suggest there exists a 'lateralization bias' that depends on the patterning of interaural cues that exist across frequency.

© 2018 The Author(s). Published by S. Hirzel Verlag · EAA. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license (

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2018

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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