Modal Locking Between Vocal Fold Oscillations and Vocal Tract Acoustics
During voiced speech, vocal folds interact with the vocal tract acoustics. The resulting glottal source–resonator coupling has been observed using mathematical and physical models as well as in in vivo phonation. We propose a computational time-domain model of the full speech apparatus that contains a feedback mechanism from the vocal tract acoustics to the vocal fold oscillations. It is based on numerical solution of ordinary and partial differential equations defined on vocal tract geometries that have been obtained by magnetic resonance imaging. The model is used to simulate rising and falling pitch glides of [α, i] in the fundamental frequency (fo ) interval [145 Hz, 315 Hz]. The interval contains the first vocal tract resonance fR 1 and the first formant F 1 of [i] as well as the fractions of the first resonance fR 1 /5, fR 1 /4, and fR 1 /3 of [α]. The glide simulations reveal a locking pattern in the fo trajectory approximately at fR 1 of [i]. The resonance fractions of [α] produce perturbations in the pressure signal at the lips but no locking.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2018
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- Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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