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Synchronous Multimodal Measurements on Lips and Glottis: Comparison Between Two Human-Valve Oscillating Systems

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The brass instrument-player and the human voice production systems are both composed of a vibrating “human valve” coupled to an acoustic resonator and can be modelled by very similar dynamical systems. Moreover, lips and glottis are both difficult to access during sound production without disturbing their mechanical behaviour and vibration characteristics. In this article, we introduce a common measurement and analysis framework in order to study and compare the vibration of lips and glottis during sound production. Based on previous studies conducted on vibrating vocal folds, our measurement system is composed of three synchronous measurements –electrical admittance (electroglottography and electrolabiography), high-speed video recording and sound recording– and allows relatively non-intrusive measurements to be performed on singers and trombone players. Analysis of the collected data highlights the interpretability of electrolabiographic signals. Furthermore, similarities and differences between the two valve systems are investigated with regard to high speed imaging, electrical admittance and basic characteristics of the radiated sound.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2014

More about this publication?
  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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