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Experiments on Active Control of Counter-Rotating Open Rotor Interior Noise

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The efficiency of future aircraft has to be increased because of the CO2 restrictions layed down by the European Union. Two key technologies to reach this ambitious goal are a consequent lightweight design of future aircraft and new engine concepts like the Counter-Rotating open rotors (CROR). However, the combination of lightweight materials like carbon-fibre-reinforced plastics (CFRP) with CROR is acoustically demanding because of the very high sound pressures emitted by this type of engine and the poor transmission loss of CFRP structures in the lower frequency range. Therefore, this work conducts a preliminary study to improve the transmission loss of a CFRP panel excited by a synthesised CROR pressure field in lower frequency range. As a first step, a typical aircraft fuselage panel mounted in a sound transmission loss facility is equipped with actuators and sensors to implement multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) feedforward control of flexural vibration. The CFRP panel is excited via a CROR pressure field synthesised by a 112-channel loud speaker array. The active vibration control (AVC) system is realised by accelerometers and inertial exciters. A considerable vibration reduction of the flexural vibration on the accelerometers is achieved. The local attenuation around the accelerometers leads to a new controlled vibration pattern that radiates sound in a different way than the uncontrolled one. The difficulties in reducing the radiated sound power through the AVC system are due to low observability, the “pinning” effect, and the restructured vibration patterns. All of these effects are studied in detail through surface vibration scans and sound intensity measurements. Additionally, the radiation resistance matrix is used to analyse the controlled vibration patterns.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2014

More about this publication?
  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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