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Radially Composite Ultrasonic Transducers of Piezoelectric Ceramic and Metal Circular Rings

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A new type of radially composite ultrasonic transducers in radial vibration is presented and studied. The composite transducer is composed of a radially polarized piezoelectric ceramic ring and a metal ring. The radial vibrations of the radially polarized piezoelectric ring and the metal ring are analyzed and their electro-mechanical equivalent circuits are obtained. Based on the mechanical boundary conditions between the piezoelectric ring and the metal ring, the six-port electro-mechanical equivalent circuit of the radially composite ultrasonic transducer is obtained and the frequency equation is given. The theoretical relationship between the resonance/anti-resonance frequency and the eff ective electro-mechanical coupling coefficient with the geometrical dimensions of the composite transducer is analyzed. At the same time, the radial vibration of the composite transducer is simulated by using Finite Element Method. The vibrational modal shape and the harmonic response are given numerically. At last, some radially composite ultrasonic transducers are designed and manufactured; their resonance/antiresonance frequencies are measured. It is shown that the analytical resonance/anti-resonance frequencies are in good agreement with the numerically simulated and experimental results. It is expected that this type of radially composite ultrasonic transducers can be used in large scale ultrasonic liquid processing, such as ultrasonic extraction, ultrasonic sonochemistry and other applications where large radiation surface and ultrasonic power are needed.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2012

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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