Computational Model for Long-Range Non-Linear Propagation over Urban Cities
A computational model for long-range non-linear sound propagation over urban environments is described. First the probability model of the geometrical parameters of an urban environment are determined using Information Theory and the Maximum Entropy Principle. The propagation model is then presented: it is based on the non-linear parabolic equation (NPE) and its extension to propagation in porous media, in which the urban layer of the real system is represented by a porous ground layer. The uncertainties introduced by the use of this simplified model and the presence of the variability of the real system are taken into account with a probabilistic model. Reference solutions are obtained thanks to the boundary element method (BEM); these experimental observations are then used to identify the parameters of the probability model. This inverse stochastic problem is solved using an evolutionary algorithm which involves both the mean-square method and the maximum likelihood method. Applications and model validation are then presented for two different urban environment morphologies. It is shown that the identification method provides an accurate and robust way for identifying the stochastic model parameters, independently of the variability of the real system. Constructed confidence regions are in good agreement with the numerical observations.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2010
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- Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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