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An Instrumented Saxophone Mouthpiece and its Use to Understand How an Experienced Musician Plays

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An instrumented saxophone mouthpiece has been developed to measure, during the player's performance, the evolution of important variables: the mouth pressure, the mouthpiece pressure and the force applied on the reed by the lower lip. Moreover, from the pressure signals in the mouth and in the mouthpiece, the instantaneous ratio of the vocal tract input impedance and of the saxophone input impedance is estimated at frequencies multiple of the playing frequency (using the concept of Gabor mask). On the selected sound examples, analyses reveal many aspects of the strategies of the player. First of all, the role of the vocal tract in the characteristics of the sound production is sometimes prominent. Secondly, the sound production on the desired note (and register) as well as pitch correction seem to be the result of complementary adjustments of the mouth pressure and of the lip force on the reed.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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