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Tomographic and Bottom Geoacoustic Inversions Using Genetic Algorithms and a Statistical Characterization of the Acoustic Signal

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The paper deals with the problem of estimating the parameters of the water column and/or the sea bed, using measurements of the acoustic field due to a known source at a certain point in a shallow water environment. Following the work by Taroudakis et al. (JASA 119 (2006) 1396–1405) the acoustic signal is characterized using the statistics of the wavelet sub-band coefficients, which obey a certain statistical law, described by an Alpha-Stable distribution. Thus, the signal observables are the set of the parameters of the appropriate distributions at the various levels of the signal decomposition. In this work an inversion procedure based on a Genetic Algorithm and the statistical characterization of the acoustic signal, is described. The quality of a certain population of candidate model parameters (properties of the water columns and/or the sea-bed) is evaluated using the Kullback-Leibler divergence (KLD) of the wavelet sub-band coefficient distributions, between the measured and simulated acoustic signals. Following an appropriate regeneration procedure, the final population is described by an a-posteriori statistical distribution of the model parameters, indicating among the others the possibility of reliable inversion of these parameters, with respect to the specific inversion procedure. Very good inversion results have been observed in simulated shallow water environments with noise free and noisy data.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2009

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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