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Statistics of A-Weighted Road Traffic Noise Levels in Shielded Urban Areas

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In the context of community noise and its negative effects, the noise descriptors used are usually long-term equivalent levels and, sometimes, maximum levels. An improved description could be achieved by including the time variations of the noise. Here, the time variations of A-weighted road traffic noise levels have been studied. Of special interest are situations with a shielded courtyard. For numerical results, a ray model has been used for calculating the sound propagation, and the traffic has been modelled as a Poisson process. With this model the statistics of A-weighted levels have been investigated for different situations with varying traffic flows. Results from an in-situ measurement have been compared with those from the numerical model, showing acceptable agreement. It is shown both by numerical modelling and measurements that the time variations in noise level are smaller in a courtyard than in a corresponding directly exposed situation. One of the additional conclusions is that the noise reduction of the maximum level can be significantly higher than that of the equivalent level.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2006

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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