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Characterization of Seafloor by Inversion of Topographic Roughness Spectrum

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This paper presents a method to quantify the percentage composition of seafloor sediment for classification using the power spectrum of the topographic roughness. Roughness profiles of the seafloor are computed from the echo signal of a echo sounder. It is shown here that the power spectrum shapes for different seabed material can be classified into three major groups (e.g. sand, silt and clay). It is shown that the basic roughness spectrum for these three categories can be computed easily from some available ground truth data on sediment type. Assuming the power spectrum for an unknown bathymetric profile is a linear function of these three basic spectra, the percentage composition (e.g., sand, silt and clay) at any position can be estimated. The estimated percentage composition of sand, silt and clay is compared with that of data obtained from the laboratory analysis of surface sediment analysis. The technique is capable to produce results with a fairly good accuracy.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2005

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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