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Orthogonal Factors for the Stage and Pit inside a Historical Opera House

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To clarify the relationship of the sound fields between the pit and the stage, we conducted acoustical measurements in a typical historical opera house, the "Teatro Comunale" in Ferrara, Italy. Based on the theory of subjective preference in the sound field, orthogonal factors and other related factors were analysed. First, the sound fields for a singer on the stage in relation to the musicians in the pit were analysed. Second, the sound fields for performers in the orchestra pit in relation to the singers on the stage were considered. Finally, the sound fields for the conductor in the orchestra pit in relation to the musicians in the orchestra pit and the singers on the stage were investigated. Because physical factors vary depending on the location of the sound source, performers can move on the stage or in the pit to find the preferred sound field. Also the conductor can rearrange musicians for the performance. Our results provide valuable information for designing the stage and orchestra pit inside opera houses.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2004

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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