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Low Frequency Emission by Nonlinear Interaction of Phase Conjugate Ultrasound Waves

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Low frequency emission by means of the nonlinear interaction of phase conjugate ultrasound beams is studied experimentally and theoretically. The phase conjugation effect is used for the automatic overlap of interacting focused beams of frequencies 1/2 = 11 MHz and 2/2 = 10 MHz. The interaction of beams propagating in a homogeneous liquid and beams scattered by an object immersed in a liquid are considered. While variation in the object position for resonance interaction of co-directional waves does not affect the phase of the emitted wave of low frequency Ω = Δ = 1 − 2, the anomalous phase shift proportional to Ω+ ≊ (1 + 2) ≫ Δ is obtained for non-resonance interaction of contra-propagating waves. The application of anomalous phase shift for "super resolution" in object positioning by means of nonlinear low frequency emission is discussed.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2003

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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