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Analyses of Sound Transmission through Windows by coupled Finite and Boundary Element Methods

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Increasing noise pollution requires more and better acoustic insulation of buildings. Such insulation design depends on several components where the component with the highest transmission rate dominates. Mostly, the windows take this part and, often, the sound transmission through windows is estimated by considering mainly the mass influence. Since this approximation is not sufficient for complex structures, the German Standards' Institute (DIN) demands that complex structures' transmission loss factors be determined experimentally and by certified agency. Those experiments are tedious and expensive and, therefore, numerical simulations are wanted. Here, for the analysis of sound propagation in complex air / glass pane systems a model is presented, in which the panes, the gas-filled space between them, and the interior of the building are treated by the Finite Element Method, whereas the sound distribution in the exterior space is calculated by the Boundary Element Method. The interaction between the parts of the structure and their environment is correctly modeled by an adequate coupling condition. The principle of virtual work is applied to couple the FEM-modeling of the interior with the panes including the gas-filled space. The same principle is used to couple the window with the BEM-modeled exterior. The proposed method is applied to study the influence of the pane configuration, of the panes' thickness and interspace on the transmission loss factor and to analyse the effect of different gas-fillings and of laminated glass on the sound insulation.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2003

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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