Formant Technique in a Professional Female Singer
Pitch-dependent changes in the lip and jaw opening are found in a professional soprano singer. The formant frequency shifts accompanying these articulatory changes are measured (1) by examining the responses of the vocal tract to an external excitation by means of a vibrator, and (2) by matching spectra of the sung vowels on a terminal analogue. With few exceptions these two methods gave similar results agreeing with the data collected on lip and jaw opening and on the intensity of the overall spectrum and the fundamental. It is found that the formant frequencies are similar to those of normal speech only when the fundamental is lower in frequency than the first formant. At higher pitches the first formant is found in the proximity of the fundamental. Also, the investigation appears to indicate that the acoustic theory of vowel production is applicable even to professional female singing.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 1975
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- Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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