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Zorro Down Under: Settler Colonial Architecture and Racial Scripts en Route from California to Australia

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During the interwar years (1918–39), California's characteristic verandas, archways, and red tile roofs spread to Australia. Originally, Spanish Colonial Revival architecture was popularized in California alongside what historians have called the "Spanish fantasy past," a romanticized Spanish California that linked the state's modern rise to an Anglo-American future and fixed Mexican and Indigenous populations in a bygone era. Looking to the movement of the Spanish fantasy past from California to Australia via "Spanish Mission" style offers new insights for Chicana/o studies. The fantasy past serves as a powerfully flexible racial script that helps make sense of race relations far beyond its point of origin and connects seemingly mundane choices about home design to ongoing processes of settler colonialism in Pacific communities. As an eager adopter of Spanish Colonial Revival architecture during a period when the government was actively redistributing land, Australia illustrates how the Spanish fantasy past has been translated and how Chicana/o studies frameworks informed by critical Indigenous studies can provide insights into relational forms of race making and colonialism.

Document Type: Regular Paper

Publication date: March 1, 2021

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  • Beginning January 1, 2024, Aztl├ín will be published by University of California Press (UC Press) in collaboration with UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center Press. The journal will continue to be offered in print and online formats.

    For more information, please visit us online. To place an order for a 2024 subscription, please contact [email protected] or contact your institution's subscription agent (such as EBSCO).

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