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Storage Behavior and Cryopreservation of Citrus Cavaleriei, an Endangered, Cold-resistant Species of Northeast India with Exceptionally Large Seeds

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BACKGROUND: Ichang Papeda (Citrus cavaleriei H. Lév. ex Cavalerie) is a wild and endangered species of NE India that requires urgent preservation of its genetic resources. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the storage physiology of the seeds and to cryopreserve the embryo and embryonic axis (EA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The morphology and storage physiology of the seeds were determined, and the cryopreservation of embryos and EA attempted using various techniques (viz., air desiccation-freezing, vitrification and encapsulation-dehydration). RESULTS: Weighing up to 4 g, seeds of Citrus cavaleriei are the largest known in the genus. Based on estimates using the seed coat ratio - seed mass (SCR-SM) model there was a very high probability of seed desiccation intolerance, which was validated physiologically; seeds lost vigour on drying below 30% moisture content (MC) and no seeds germinating after drying to <12 % MC. Embryos and EAs could be air dried to 25-30% MC and cryopreserved with c. 50% survival. In contrast, EA optimally exposed to PVS2 (20 min) or encapsulated, sucrose pretreated (0.5 M, 24 h) and dehydrated (6 h) had c. 40% survival after cryopreservation. CONCLUSION: Citrus cavaleriei produces large, recalcitrant seeds that can, nevertheless, be cryopreserved as embryos or isolated EA after air drying to c. 25-30% MC; encapsulation-dehydration and vitrification provide alternative options for the cryopreservation of EA.
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Keywords: CROP WILD RELATIVE; RECALCITRANT SEED; SEED COAT RATIO-SEED MASS (SCR-SM) MODEL

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2020

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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