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A Novel Recombinant Eelpout (Macrozoarces americans) Type III Antifreeze Protein Improves Cryosurvival of Buffalo Sperm

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BACKGROUND: The quality of cryopreserved buffalo semen is low due to high susceptibility of sperm membranes to cold shock. OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to investigate the effect of recombinant type-III antifreeze protein (rAFPIII) from the eelpout (Macrozoarces americanus) on freezability of buffalo semen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semen was collected from three buffalo bulls for three weeks (replicates). Qualified ejaculates (N=18) were split into four aliquots and diluted in Tris-citric acid extender containing 0.0, 0.1, 1 and 10 μg mL-1 of rAFPIII. Semen was cooled to 4 °C, evaluated for sperm motility and PMI, cryopreserved and assessed for post-thaw quality. RESULTS: Supplementation of the extender with rAFPIII didn't affect motility and PMI of chilled semen. Post-thaw sperm motility and PMI were higher in extender supplemented with rAFPIII (10μg mL-1) compared to control. Sperm viability and acrosome integrity remained the same. CONCLUSION: Addition of rAFPIII in extender improved motility and PMI of cryopreserved buffalo semen.
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Keywords: ANTIFREEZE PROTEINS; BUFFALO; CRYOPRESERVATION; EXTENDER; SEMEN

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2019

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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