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Dog Sperm Cryopreservation in Glucose-fructose or Sucrose Supplemented Glycerol-free Tris: Effect of Post-thaw Incubation Time on Gene Expression Related to Apoptosis and Motility

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OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the effects of glucose-fructose or sucrose supplementation in glycerol-free Tris (GFT) solution on motility, viability, the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), as well as the level of apoptosis (BAX and BCL2) and motility (SMCP)-related gene expression of dog spermatozoa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Spermatozoa (5×107 sperm/ml) were cryopreserved in GFT containing 86 mM glucose and 86 mM fructose (GF-GFT) or 100 mM sucrose (S-GFT). Progressive motility, viability, ROS (H2O2) level and mRNA gene expression of spermatozoa were evaluated 0 h, 3 h or 6 h post-thaw at 24°C. RESULTS: The motility of spermatozoa cryopreserved in GF-GFT was increased throughout the post-thaw incubation time. The motility of spermatozoa cryopreserved in S-GFT was increased at 3 h of post-thaw incubation. The sperm ROS level in the GF-GFT group was inconsistent during the post-thaw incubation time; however, the ROS level in the S-GFT group was gradually increased with progression of the post-thaw incubation period. The post-thaw incubation had no substantial effect on the mRNA expression of the BAX, BCL2, and SMCP genes of spermatozoa in both the GF-GFT and S-GFT groups. CONCLUSION: The supplementation of glucose and fructose improves progressive sperm motility during 6 h of post-thaw incubation while maintaining similar sperm viability. The addition of GF to GFT for cryopreservation and post-thaw incubation would yield more functional spermatozoa for future assisted reproduction practices.
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Keywords: CRYOPRESERVATION; DOG SPERM; FRUCTOSE; GENE EXPRESSION; GLUCOSE; SUCROSE; TRIS (HYDROXYMETHYL) AMINOMETHANE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2018

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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