BACKGROUND: Sweet potato is a staple food worldwide, but a problematic species in terms of long term storage, as it is not suitable for germplasm conservation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop cryopreservation protocols for sweet potato shoot tips based on a droplet-vitrification
procedure. METHODS: As a standard procedure, sweet potato shoot tips were precultured in a liquid MS medium supplemented with 10% sucrose (S-10%) and 17.5% sucrose (S-17.5%) for 31 and 17 h, respectively. They were then osmoprotected with C4-35% (17.5% glycerol + 17.5% sucrose) for
50 min and cryoprotected with PVS3 (50% glycerol + 50% sucrose) for 60 min. A set of experiments was designed to investigate critical factors, i.e. stepwise sucrose preculture, osmoprotection, cryoprotection with PVS2- and PVS3-based vitrification solutions, and their combinational effect,
as well as temperature alteration through placement in a cooling/rewarming container. RESULTS: Sucrose preculture was determined to be necessary for the adaptation of sweet potato shoot tips to cryoprotection with PVS3, and the highest post-thaw (LN) regeneration rate was observed in
a preculture with S-10% for 31 h → S-17.5% for 17 h (19.0%). The effect of one-step or two-step osmoprotection was not significant on survival or regeneration of either the cryoprotected-control (LNC) or LN shoot tips. Responses of sweet potato shoot tips to osmoprotection and cryoprotection
were linked to the level of sucrose preculture. The use of alumimium foil strips (droplet-vitrification) resulted in significantly higher LN survival (89.8%) and regeneration (19.0%), compared to those using cryovials (vitrification, 67.2% and 0%, respectively). LN regeneration increased by
67.5% when cryopreserved shoot tips were transferred to a new postculture medium. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that the combination of stepwise sucrose preculture with a higher final concentration (up to 17.5%), cryoprotection with PVS3 and cooling with foil strip is crucial
to the regeneration of LN sweet potato shoot tips.
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COOLING AND WARMING;
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2015
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CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation
The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.