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Free Content Assessment of Molecular Genetic Stability Between Long-Term Cryopreserved and Tissue Cultured Wasabi (Wasabia japonica) Plants

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BACKGROUND: Maintaining the genetic integrity in long-term tissue cultured and cryopreserved plants is important for the conservation of plant genetic resources. OBJECTIVE: In this study, the genetic stability of cryopreserved wasabi shoot tips stored for 10 years at -150°C was visualized using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) and Methylation Sensitive Amplified Polymorphism (MSAP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included plants derived from cryopreserved shoot tips after 10.5 years storage at -150°C (LN10yr), after 2 h storage at -196°C (LN2hr), cryopreservation controls (No LN cooling (TC)) and non-treated controls without LN cooling (LC). The donor plants for LN2hr, TC and LC were also maintained in vitro at 20°C for the same period. RESULTS: Neither technique detected genetic variations in either control or cryopreserved plants. Some mutations were noted in plants maintained in tissue culture for 10 years. Comparison of genome stability for TC and LN2hr plants showed only a minor change in DNA. However, when comparing the LC and Ln10yr, many differences were found. CONCLUSION: We conclude that cryopreservation is a superior conservation method compared to tissue culture in maintaining genetic stability for a long-term storage of wasabi germplasm.

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Keywords: AFLP; CRYOPRESERVATION; LONG-TERM STORAGE; MSAP; TISSUE CULTURE; WASABI

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2015

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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