BACKGROUND: Sugarcane is a tropical crop of major importance primarily for its high sucrose content. It is difficult to conserve it in the field or in vitro because of biotic and abiotic stresses. Cryopreservation of sugarcane germplasm is an appropriate approach for conserving
its genetic diversity. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to develop an efficient and practical cryopreservation protocol for sugarcane with high post-cryopreservation recovery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Factors affecting regrowth after cryopreservation using the V cryo-plate
method including preculture medium, size of shoot tips, sucrose concentration in loading solution, exposure time to PVS2, light conditions after liquid nitrogen exposure, presence and absence of alginate gel and recovery medium composition were studied. RESULTS: Shoot tips with a length
of 1.5 to 2.0 mm, precultured on semi-solid 1/2 MS medium for 1 day and semi-solid MS medium with 0.5 M sucrose for 1 day, treated with LS containing 2.0 M glycerol + 1.6 M sucrose for 30 min and exposed to PVS2 for 30 min showed maximum (100%) recovery after cryopreservation. It was also
observed that removing the alginate gel and keeping the cultures in the dark for 7 days after cryopreservation significantly improved recovery. After optimizing the cryopreservation conditions using sugarcane variety Ni-1, 10 additional varieties were cryopreserved using the optimized protocol,
with regrowth ranging from 56.7% to 100%. CONCLUSION: This study showed that V cryo-plate is an efficient and practical method for cryopreservation of sugarcane shoot tips in genebanks.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2015
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CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation
The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.