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Free Content Evaluation of Two Distinct Cryoprotectants for Cryopreservation of Human Red Blood Cell Concentrates

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BACKGROUND: Cryopreservaton of packed human red blood cells requires the use of cryoprotectants. OBJECTIVE: The study assessed physiological parameters of 40 RBC units frozen with either 40% glycerol or 6.7% HES. METHODS: After thawing, they were suspended in NaCl or in 6% HES. Tests of Hct, Hb, Na+ and K+ ions, ATP, 2,3-DPG, pH and erythrocyte stability were measured 30 minutes and 24 hours after thawing. RESULTS: Hct was lower after thawing but did not differ significantly between two groups. Hb was lower after thawing, but was statistically significant higher in the HES group (43.8 g/unit vs 35.4 g/unit). K+ concentration increased after thawing and was significantly higher after 24 hours in the glycerol group (29.0 mEq/l vs 8.7 mEq/l). ATP concentration in the HES group was significantly lower (2.15 μmol/g) in comparison with the glycerol group (6.30 μmol/g) 24 hours after thawing. 2,3-DPG levels did not differ significantly between the methods. Stability of RBCs frozen in glycerol were better (94.58%) than RBCs frozen in HES (80.75%) measured 24 hours after thawing. ATP is better protected in erythrocytes frozen in glycerol than in HES. CONCLUSION: Erythrocytes frozen with HES preserved more hemoglobin than with glycerol. Membrane permeability for Na+ and K+ ions was preserved better with HES. HES compared to glycerol offered better protection for erythrocytes.

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Keywords: FREEZING; GLYCEROL; HYDROXYETHYL STARCH; RED BLOOD CELLS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2014

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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