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Free Content Insect Cold Tolerance and Repair of Chill-Injury at Fluctuating Thermal Regimes: Role of 70 kDa Heat Shock Protein Expression

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Expression of heat shock proteins has been proposed as an underlying mechanism of increased cold tolerance in insects exposed to fluctuating thermal regimes (FTRs) in comparison to constant low temperatures (CLTs). We found that the levels of Pahsp70 mRNA increase by up to 3 orders in the linden bugs, Pyrrhocoris apterus exposed to FTR −5°C (22h)/ 25°C (2h). The 2h-long warm pulses, however, were not sufficient for accumulation of PaHSP70 protein and thus no significant difference in expression of PaHSP70 protein was detected between FTR and CLT regimes. Hence, we conclude that the accumulation of PaHSP70 protein is not the mechanism underlying the increased cold tolerance in P. apterus at the particular FTR used in this study. The relevance of some other possible mechanisms is discussed.

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Keywords: COLD TOLERANCE; FLUCTUATING THERMAL REGIME; HEAT SHOCK PROTEINS; INSECT

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2009

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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