Japanese radish tuber and leaf produced antifreeze proteins (AFPs) having thermal hysteresis activity (TH) and ice recrystallization inhibiting activity (RI). Upon cold acclimation, the apoplastic fluid of the Japanese radish exhibited hexagonal crystal growth, indicating the presence of an antifreeze protein. The induction patterns of protein and the TH activity of apoplastic fraction from both samples were different. The TH activities of apoplastic fraction from tuber and leaves were 0.20±0.03 and 0.18±0.02°C, respectively. Also, the TH and RI activities of apoplastic fraction of leaves were activated by autoclave treatment at pH 10.0. An antifreeze peptide (molecular weight 1,320), was purified using chromatography. Furthermore, the chitinase and -1, 3-glucanase activities in the apoplastic fraction of its tuber were induced by the cold acclimation. Some proteins in this apoplastic fraction were reacted with the anti-glucanase-like protein (GLP) antiserum and anti-chitinase-like protein (CLP) antiserum produced against isolated winter rye AFPs. This is the first report on the presence and characterization of AFPs from Japanese radish tuber.
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Document Type: Research Article
March 1, 2009
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CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation
The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.