Little attention has been given to the effect of interactions between different cryogenic parameters on the viability of cryopreserved algae. Gametophytes of Laminaria japonica were cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen by two-step cooling, and interactions were tested for optimizing the cooling protocol and improving freeze-tolerance. UNOVA of a general linear model suggested that interactions between both cooling rate and holding time and between holding temperature and holding time significantly affected the survival of thawed gametophytes. Based on the magnitude of effect, the importance order of factors was found to be: holding temperature, holding time, cooling rate, cooling rate × holding temperature, holding temperature × holding time. UNOVA also suggested significant main effects of pre-culture conditions and sex on survival of thawed gametophytes. Under the optimal procedure, post-thaw survivals obtained were 84% for male and 69% for female gametophytes. Male gametophytes were observed to be more tolerant to the whole procedure of cryopreservation than females. Following thawing viable gametophytes could grow asexually or give rise to morphologically normal sporophytes.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2007
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CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation
The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.