The influence of increased concentrations of sucrose, 0.4 M sorbitol, DMSO and vitrification solution (PVS2) on the ultrastructure of non-frozen and frozen suspensions of Gentiana tibetica King ex Hook. F.tissue cells was investigated. Embryogenic aggregates were composed of three groups of cells of different size with various types of plastids. The ultrastructural changes resulting from increasing the sucrose concentration in the medium from 3% to 6% for 4 weeks and from treatment with 0.4 M sorbitol for 48 h were similar. Observations showed replacement of large vacuoles by numerous small ones, condensation of cytoplasm, accumulation of starch, and fragmentation of endoplasmic reticulum. Treatment with PVS2 led to degradation of starch, coalescence of amyloplasts and to shrinking of nucleoli from the third group of cells when originating from 6 % sucrose medium. The mitochondria initially had various shapes, but after PVS2 treatment showed only spherical shapes with sparse cristae. After programmed freezing of tissue protected by sorbitol and DMSO, lethal damage was observed: membrane and nuclei degradation, and cell destruction. Reversible changes after freezing were observed in tissue pretreated with vitrification solution: dilation of cell membranes, mitochondria with electron-lucent vessels, aggregation of numerous vesicles, and degradation of starch in amyloplasts. In cells cooled by a vitrification method, cell organelles appeared normal as early as 5 h after thawing, and anomalies were not observed after 48 h of post-thawing culture.
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MICROSCOPIC AND ULTRASTRUCTURAL ANALYSIS;
Document Type: Research Article
November 1, 2005
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CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation
The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.