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Free Content Lyophilization of biological standards

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Freeze drying plays a vital part in the preparation of many biological reference materials. The general approaches that may be adopted in the application of lyophilization to these biomolecules are discussed and the importance of analytical methodology and formulation optimization emphasised. Examples are given from a number of recently processed materials.

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Keywords: BIOLOGICAL STANDARDS; FORMULATION; LYOPHILIZATION; THERMAL ANALYSIS

Document Type: Regular Paper

Publication date: June 1, 2005

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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