The main purpose of this study was to develop a cryopreservation protocol for ash and to highlight the importance of testing different clones and plant material of different ontogenetic states. In vitro-grown ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) shoot tips were successfully cryopreserved following optimization of the PVS2-vitrification protocol. Pretreatment conditions were optimized and three cryopreservation techniques (encapsulation/dehydration, PVS2-vitrification and encapsulation/vitrification) were tested one after another. PVS2-vitrification proved to be the most suitable technique. In vitro-grown shoot tips of ash were successfully cryopreserved with a mean regrowth of 73 % for juvenile clones and 67 % for selected mature trees. The optimum preculture conditions and the initial protocol were: 10 days cold hardening, preculture for 2 days on medium with 0.8 M glycerol, incubation in 2 M glycerol solution for 20 min at 22°C followed by PVS2 for 25 min at 0°C on ice and direct immersion in liquid nitrogen. Warming was carried out in 43°C water for 1 min followed by 22°C water for 10 sec. The encapsulation/dehydration method was not successful for shoot tips of F. excelsior because the shoots were sensitive to osmotic dehydration. The encapsulation/vitrification method resulted in a mean regrowth of only 16 %. PVS2 vitrification can now be used to store important ash germplasm of either juvenile or mature trees.
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Document Type: Regular Paper
May 1, 2005
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CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation
The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.