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Free Content Morphology study of freeze-drying mononuclear cells of human cord blood

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The research on haematopoietic stem cells of human cord blood has become more important recently. At present, cord blood is mainly preserved at ultra-low temperatures. In the former study, we compared the effects of preserving mononuclear cells (MNC) and whole human cord blood by freeze-drying. This time, a further study was conducted on freeze-drying mononuclear cells. Samples in the presence of PVP, sucrose, mannitol and FBS were firstly frozen to -38°C. Afterwards, they were vacuum-dried at a selected shelf temperature of -30°C for the main drying stage, and then vacuum-dried at 15°C for the second drying stage. The entire time of freeze-drying process was 41 hours. Samples were stored at room temperature for 7 days prior to evaluation. Subsequently, the dried samples were resuspended in an isotonic phosphate-buffered saline solution.

The residual moisture content was 6.5±0.87%. The recovery of the cells was tested by a haemacytometer, and the numerical cell count recovery of rehydrated MNC increased by 8%. Morphology of the fresh and rehydrated MNC was analyzed respectively using standard light microscopy, scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope. The results showed that karyons changed and cytoplasm decreased after rehydration, but it is still unknown that whether these changes will influence the proliferative ability of the stem cells.

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Document Type: Regular Paper

Publication date: May 1, 2005

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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