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Free Content Cryopreservation of embryogenic callus of Aesculus hippocastanum L. by vitrification/one-step freezing

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An effective procedure for the cryopreservation of horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L.) embryogenic callus by vitrification/one-step freezing is described here. In particular, the study focused on the possibility of recovering the full proliferation potential of the embryogenic lines after storage in liquid nitrogen. The developmental stage of the embryogenic lines was shown to play an important role. Ninety-min incubation in PVS2 and preservation at ?196°C of callus samples, containing a prevalence of embryogenic masses at an advanced stage of somatic embryo maturation (i.e., the torpedo stage), gave optimum regrowth of healthy and proliferating embryogenic callus. Moreover, raising the thawing temperature to 45°C yielded the maximum survival (94%) of torpedo-stage embryogenic samples, recovery of proliferation and, in more than 70% of cases, maturation to the cotyledonary stage. This study opens the way to the possibility of safe, long-term storage in liquid nitrogen of valuable embryogenic lines of horse chestnut, avoiding repeated subculturing.

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Keywords: AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM; CRYOPRESERVATION; HORSE CHESTNUT; SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS; VITRIFICATION

Document Type: Regular Paper

Publication date: May 1, 2005

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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