A rapid and simple assay (6 min, two steps) is described for determination of cell viability of hepatocytes subjected to cold preservation protocols. In this method, cells are incubated with the fluorescent marker propidium iodide (PI) and the fluorescence intensity is measured before (direct fluorescence-Fd) and after (total fluorescence-Ft) addition of digitonin, which allows the dye to enter the hepatocytes. The Fd originated from non-viable cells that have membrane damage and taken up PI. The Ft originated from all cells in the sample. The ratio between the two fluorescence values is used as an indicator of cell viability. The assay was challenged versus two classical viability tests: LDH retention and Trypan Blue exclusion. Our assay shows good correlation only with Trypan Blue test. In addition, a fluorescence confocal microscopy protocol was used to evaluate the possible toxicity of PI in hepatocyte suspensions.
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SUBZERO NONFREEZING PRESERVATION;
Document Type: Regular Paper
May 1, 2005
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CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation
The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.