This paper presents results from a study to develop cryopreservation procedures for apices of several strawberry genotypes. Five Fragaria x ananassa Duch. cultivars and two wild species (F. chiloensis and F. virginiana) have been screened using the encapsulation-dehydration method and/or a protocol which compromises vitrification and encapsulation-dehydration. Apices were encapsulated in an alginate gel, precultured on media containing high levels of sucrose (0.8 M, conventional protocol), or a combination of 0.4 M sucrose and 2 M glycerol. Recovery rates varied among genotypes (23-63%). The latter method reduced considerably the time needed for the cryogenic procedure by eliminating the pre-treatment with 0.8 M sucrose for 19 h prior to dehydration, as required by the conventional procedure.
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Document Type: Regular Paper
Publication date: January 1, 2005
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CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation
The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.