Cryopreservation using a winter vegetative bud method is being applied to the Malus collection maintained in the field at the USDA-ARS Plant Genetic Resources Unit, Geneva NY. Winter hardy materials are sent to the USDA-ARS National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation, Fort Collins, CO, for processing. To date 1915 accessions, representing 30 species and 16 interspecific hybrids, have been tested. The NCGRP minimum standard for cryopreservation is 40% viable buds, as determined by grafting. For M. x domestica 95% of the accessions tested have been cryopreserved. For species other than M. x domestica, 83% have met the criterion. Eight lines were collected, cryopreserved and recovered through grafting each year. Data from this set showed an affect of year and cultivar on success. There was no strong relationship between viability after cryopreservation and phylogeny. For North American species success after cryopreservation was related to geographical origin.
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Document Type: Regular Paper
September 1, 2004
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CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation
The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.