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Free Content Solute accumulation in wheat seedlings during cold acclimation: Contribution to increased freezing tolerance

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Accumulation of sugars, amino acids and glycinebetaine in leaf tissues during cold acclimation was simultaneously monitored and compared in three wheat cultivars that have different freezing tolerance. Freezing tolerance was the order of cv. Norstar (NO) > cv. Chihokukomugi (CH) ≥ cv. Haruyutaka (HA). During cold acclimation, there was a significant increase in osmotic concentration in the three cultivars. The increase was largely due to the increase in soluble sugars and the extent of the increase was the greatest in NO and the least in HA. While there was a considerable increase in glucose, fructose and sucrose during the first week of cold acclimation, the increase in raffinose occurred only after the second week. The total sugar content was the order of NO > CH > HA after 4 weeks of cold acclimation. Proline increased in all cultivars after 1 week of cold acclimation but a prolonged cold acclimation resulted in different profiles: no further increase occurred in HA while an additional increase occurred in other two cultivars. In all three cultivars, a noticeable increase of glycinebetaine occurred only after the second week of cold acclimation with the amount being the order of NO > CH > HA. It is concluded that a substantial part of the increase in osmotic concentration during cold acclimation was due to the increase in sugars, but the extent of the contribution of each compatible solute is cultivar-specific and can be associated with the degree of the maximum freezing tolerance attainable.

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Keywords: COLD ACCLIMATION; COMPATIBLE SOLUTES; FREEZING TOLERANCE; OSMOTIC CONCENTRATION; WHEAT

Document Type: Regular Paper

Publication date: September 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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