Ammonium nitrate in the culture medium influences regeneration potential of cryopreserved shoot tips of Holostemma annulare
Influence of NH4NO3 in the pre-freeze and post-freeze culture medium and 2 or 30 day preconditioning in the presence of 0.5 M sucrose on regeneration of shoot tips of Holostemma annulare following cryopreservation using an encapsulation-dehydration protocol was studied. A long preconditioning phase of 30 days significantly reduced tissue water and improved post-freeze recovery of shoot tips. Under the long preconditioning treatment, Murashige & Skoog (MS) medium free of NH4NO3 (MS-3) allowed maximum regeneration (59%) of liquid nitrogen (LN) exposed shoot tips with less frequency of callusing (10.4%) after 45 days of post-freeze culture. Corresponding desiccated control shoot tips showed 8590% regeneration. A 3.75 mM NH4NO3 concentration (MS-4) favoured 72-89% and 43-47% regeneration after desiccation and LN exposure respectively. The standard MS medium with 20.6 mM NH4NO3 (MS-1) allowed poor regeneration after desiccation (39-53%) as well as LN exposure (8-23%). The study reveals the importance of reducing ammonium nitrate in the culture medium to get maximum recovery of cryopreserved shoot tips of Holostemma annulare.
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