Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Free Content Cryopreservation and xenotransplantation studies of microencapsulated rat pancreatic islets

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 358.3 kb)
 
Islets of Langerhans were isolated from the Sprague Dawley rat pancreas digested by injected collagenase, and purified by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation. In order to make smaller and more uniform microencapsulated islets, we designed a special high-voltage electrostatic microcapsule generator. The effects of operational parameters of the generator on the size and the uniformity of microcapsules were analyzed, such as the voltage, the plunger speed of suspension delivery to the needle tip, the distance between needle tip and solution surface. The optimal parameter combinations for making microcapsules are: 5kV of voltage, 50mm/h of the plunger speed, and 20mm distance. The high-voltage electric system can produce uniform microcapsules with diameters ranging from 0.3~0.5mm, which are smaller and more uniform than those produced by air-jet system. A comparison of the cryopreservation effects between microencapsulated islets and unencapsulated islets showed that the microcapsules can protect the fragile islets from freezing damage, and increase the retrieval rate from 68.5% to 92.6%. Xenotransplantation of the cryopreserved rat islets resulted in the normalization of the metabolic blood glucose of the diabetic mice for 90 days, whereas the unencapsulated islets were easily fragmented and lost during the freezing process. They only reversed hyperglycemia for less than 3-5 days.

8 References.

No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: CRYOPRESERVATION; MICROENCAPSULATION; RAT PANCREATIC ISLET; XENOTRANSPLANTATION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2002

More about this publication?
  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more