PPARβ/δ Agonist GW501516 Inhibits Tumorigenesis and Promotes Apoptosis of the Undifferentiated Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma C666-1 Cells by Regulating miR-206
In previous investigations, we reported that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor β/δ (PPARβ/δ) activation by GW501516 inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis in the undifferentiated C666-1 nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells by modulating caspase-dependent
apoptotic pathway. In the present study, the mechanism by which GW501516 induces apoptosis was explored from the perspective of microRNA (miRNA) expression. Among the assayed miRNAs that were involved in regulating the expression of antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2, miR-206 was increased significantly
and specifically by GW501516 in C666-1 cells at both the in vitro level and at the in vivo xenograft samples. The induction on miR-206 expression caused by GW501516 was capable of being antagonized by the PPARβ/δ antagonist GSK3787 and AMPK antagonist dorsomorphin in C666-1 cells.
GW501516’s suppression on the growth and apoptosis of C666-1 cells was found to be dependent on the presence of miR-206. miR-206 overexpression resulted in suppressed proliferation and colony formation ability, and further triggered increased apoptosis in C666-1 cells in a caspase-dependent
manner. The expression of cleaved caspase 3 and caspase 9, and the ratio of Bax to Bcl-2 were elevated remarkably by miR-206. Consistent with the in vitro result, miR-206 was corroborated to suppress the ectopic NPC xenograft tumorigenesis that derived from the C666-1 cells in BALB/c nu/nu
mice. Taken together, the current data demonstrated that miR-206 plays a critical role in the direct apoptosis-promoting effect induced by GW501516 in C666-1 cells. Furthermore, the emphasized tumor-suppressive role of miR-206 in the C666-1 cells indicates that it has the potential to provide
a new therapeutic approach for the undifferentiated NPC.
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Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC);
Document Type: Research Article
Department of ENT, Central Hospital of Minhang District (Minhang Hospital Fudan University), Shanghai, P.R. China
August 8, 2019
This article was made available online on April 8, 2019 as a Fast Track article with title: "PPARβ/δ Agonist GW501516 Inhibits Tumorigenesis and Promotes Apoptosis of the Undifferentiated Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma C666-1 Cells by regulating miR206".
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