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Ontogenetic Distribution of 5-HT2C, 5-HT5A, and 5-HT7 Receptors in the Rat Hippocampus

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It is known that serotonin exerts its different nociceptive and motor functions by interacting with distinct receptors subtypes, which could be either G-protein coupled or ionotropic. Previous reports demonstrated the early activation of serotonin receptor transcripts during rat development, suggesting a potential role of the serotoninergic system during ontogeny. In this study we have compared the cellular distribution of three serotonin receptor subtypes: 5-HT2C, 5-HT5A, and 5-HT7. Immunocytochemical methods were used in slices of rat hippocampus obtained during the postnatal development. 5-HT2C immunoreactivity was strong at all developmental stages in the CA1 region, whereas differences were observed between P0 and P5 in the CA3 region. The 5-HT5A receptor immunosignal in CA1 and CA3 was strong at P0, decreased at P11, and then increased in the adult. The immunoreactivity to 5-HT7 receptors was high in all regions at P0 and then decreased progressively during postnatal development; the signal was stronger for 5-HT2C than for 5-HT5A and 5-HT7 receptors. Changes in the expression level of each receptor may result in differences in functional and pharmacological properties of the cells expressing them as well as in the hippocampal neuronal network. The distribution of the three serotonin receptor subtypes studied varied during the ontogeny, which supports their potential role during development and will help to understand their mechanisms.
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Keywords: 5-HT5A receptors; 5-HT7 receptors; Hippocampus development; Serotonin receptors

Document Type: Review Article

Affiliations: 1: Facultad de Química, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Centro Universitario, Querétaro 76010, México 2: Instituto de Neurobiología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Campus Juriquilla, Apartado Postal 1-1141, Juriquilla Querétaro 76001, México

Publication date: January 1, 2006

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  • Gene Expression The Journal of Liver Research will publish articles in all aspects of hepatology. Hepatology, as a research discipline, has seen unprecedented growth especially in the cellular and molecular mechanisms of hepatic health and disease, which continues to have a major impact on understanding liver development, stem cells, carcinogenesis, tissue engineering, injury, repair, regeneration, immunology, metabolism, fibrosis, and transplantation. Continued research and improved understanding in these areas will have a meaningful impact on liver disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. The existing journal Gene Expression has expanded its focus to become Gene Expression The Journal of Liver Research to meet this growing demand. In its revised and expanded scope, the journal will publish high-impact original articles, reviews, short but complete articles, and special articles (editorials, commentaries, opinions) on all aspects of hepatology, making it a unique and invaluable resource for readers interested in this field. The expanded team, led by an Editor-in-Chief who is uniquely qualified and a renowned expert, along with a dynamic and functional editorial board, is determined to make this a premier journal in the field of hepatology.

    From Volume 16, Gene Expression The Journal of Liver Research is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND license.

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