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The COUP-TFs compose a family of functionally related transcription factors

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The chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factors (COUP-TFs) are members of the steroid/thyroid hormone receptor superfamily and function in transcriptional regulation of a wide variety of genes. The COUP-TFs purified from HeLa nuclear extract by COUP-affinity chromatography are composed of multiple Mr forms. The Low Mr COUP-TFs (43,000, 44,000, 46,000, and 47,000 Mr) produce a relatively fast migrating complex (Cl) with DNA in electrophoresis mobility shift assays, while the high Mr forms (66,000, 68,000, 72,000, and 74,000 Mr) produce a slower migrating (C2) complex. The high Mr COUP-TFs were purified by gel filtration chromatography and independently formed the C2 DNA complex, probably acting as dimers. The high Mr forms are indistinguishable from the low Mr COUP-TFs in DNA binding and in enhancement of in vitro transcription from the ovalbumin promoter. The finding of multiple COUP-TF forms led us to clone a second low Mr COUP-TF, “COUP-TF2." The COUP-TF2 sequence has very strong homology with COUP-TF1. The N-termini of COUP-TF1 and COUP-TF2 are least similar, but both contain glutamine-rich and proline-rich motifs, putative activation domains.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 1991

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  • Gene Expression The Journal of Liver Research will publish articles in all aspects of hepatology. Hepatology, as a research discipline, has seen unprecedented growth especially in the cellular and molecular mechanisms of hepatic health and disease, which continues to have a major impact on understanding liver development, stem cells, carcinogenesis, tissue engineering, injury, repair, regeneration, immunology, metabolism, fibrosis, and transplantation. Continued research and improved understanding in these areas will have a meaningful impact on liver disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. The existing journal Gene Expression has expanded its focus to become Gene Expression The Journal of Liver Research to meet this growing demand. In its revised and expanded scope, the journal will publish high-impact original articles, reviews, short but complete articles, and special articles (editorials, commentaries, opinions) on all aspects of hepatology, making it a unique and invaluable resource for readers interested in this field. The expanded team, led by an Editor-in-Chief who is uniquely qualified and a renowned expert, along with a dynamic and functional editorial board, is determined to make this a premier journal in the field of hepatology.

    From Volume 16, Gene Expression The Journal of Liver Research is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND license.

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