Effects of long 5′ leader sequences on initiation by eukaryotic ribosomes in vitro
Lengthening the 5′ noncoding sequence on SP6-derived transcripts can increase their translational efficiency by an order of magnitude under some conditions of translation in reticulocyte lysates. This effect was observed upon reiterating three different synthetic oligonucleotides, the sequences of which were designed simply to preclude secondary structure. It seems unlikely that such arbitrarily designed sequences are recognized by sequence-specific translational enhancer proteins. Rather, long 5′ leader sequences appear to accumulate extra 40S ribosomal subunits, which may account for their translational advantage. The buildup of 40S subunits on long, unstructured leader sequences is predicted by the scanning model for initiation. Leader sequences such as these may be ideal for in vitro expression vectors.
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Biochemistry, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey
Publication date: January 1, 1991
More about this publication?
- Gene Expression, The Journal of Liver Research will publish articles in all aspects of hepatology. Hepatology, as a research discipline, has seen unprecedented growth especially in the cellular and molecular mechanisms of hepatic health and disease, which continues to have a major impact on understanding liver development, stem cells, carcinogenesis, tissue engineering, injury, repair, regeneration, immunology, metabolism, fibrosis, and transplantation. Continued research and improved understanding in these areas will have a meaningful impact on liver disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. The existing journal Gene Expression has expanded its focus to become Gene Expression, The Journal of Liver Research to meet this growing demand. In its revised and expanded scope, the journal will publish high-impact original articles, reviews, short but complete articles, and special articles (editorials, commentaries, opinions) on all aspects of hepatology, making it a unique and invaluable resource for readers interested in this field. The expanded team, led by an Editor-in-Chief who is uniquely qualified and a renowned expert, along with a dynamic and functional editorial board, is determined to make this a premier journal in the field of hepatology.