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A polymorphism of the human tyrosinase gene is associated with temperature-sensitive enzymatic activity

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We have identified a common nonpathological polymorphism of the human tyrosinase gene. In Caucasians codon 402 can be either CGA (arginine) [p = .85] or CAA (glutamine) [p = .15]. This polymorphism also occurs in American Blacks, but the codon 402CAA (Gin) allele was not detected in Oriental populations. The substitution of glutamine for arginine at codon 402 results in moderate thermoinstability of the corresponding tyrosinase polypeptide. Tyrosinase enzymatic activity expressed in HeLa cells transfected with a codon 402Gln tyrosinase cDNA is reduced by approximately 75 percent when cells are cultured at 37°C as compared to 31°C, whereas enzymatic activity of codon 402Arg tyrosinase is not temperature-sensitive. However, the genotype at codon 402 of tryosinase is not correlated with the apparent pigmentation phenotype in normal Caucasians.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 1991

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  • Gene Expression The Journal of Liver Research will publish articles in all aspects of hepatology. Hepatology, as a research discipline, has seen unprecedented growth especially in the cellular and molecular mechanisms of hepatic health and disease, which continues to have a major impact on understanding liver development, stem cells, carcinogenesis, tissue engineering, injury, repair, regeneration, immunology, metabolism, fibrosis, and transplantation. Continued research and improved understanding in these areas will have a meaningful impact on liver disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. The existing journal Gene Expression has expanded its focus to become Gene Expression The Journal of Liver Research to meet this growing demand. In its revised and expanded scope, the journal will publish high-impact original articles, reviews, short but complete articles, and special articles (editorials, commentaries, opinions) on all aspects of hepatology, making it a unique and invaluable resource for readers interested in this field. The expanded team, led by an Editor-in-Chief who is uniquely qualified and a renowned expert, along with a dynamic and functional editorial board, is determined to make this a premier journal in the field of hepatology.

    From Volume 16, Gene Expression The Journal of Liver Research is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND license.

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