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Motivation and Psychological Contract in Sport Event Volunteerism: The Impact of Contract Fulfilment On Satisfaction and Future Behavioral Intention

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This study investigated sport event volunteer motivation and psychological contract (PC) with regard to the relationship between PC fulfilment, satisfaction, and future behavioral intention. Motivation-based volunteer subgroups based on cluster analysis were compared regarding their expectations and experiences of PC types as well as their overall satisfaction and future behavioral intention in a pre- and posttest study. The gap between expectations and experiences of PC types (PC fulfilment by gap: PCFg), and second, experience (satisfaction) of PC types (PC fulfilment by experience: PCFe) were tested using regression analysis to investigate the impact of PC fulfilment on satisfaction and future behavioral intention. The analysis was conducted on a sample of 261 sport event volunteers from three sport events in southeast Queensland, Australia. Among this volunteer sample, ideological PC was considered as the most important PC type overall, but different motivations were associated with different PC preferences. Volunteers who had different motivations had varying experiences of PC types, overall satisfaction, and intention to continue volunteering. PCFe was highly related to overall satisfaction and future behavioral intention and was found to be a better predictor of volunteer satisfaction than PCFg. This study provides important theoretical and practical implications for sport event volunteerism approached from the perspective of PC types and motivations.
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Keywords: PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACT THEORY; SPORT EVENTS; VOLUNTEER MANAGEMENT; VOLUNTEER MOTIVATION; VOLUNTEER SATISFACTION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 8, 2020

This article was made available online on November 6, 2019 as a Fast Track article with title: "MOTIVATION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACT IN SPORT EVENT VOLUNTEERISM: THE IMPACT OF CONTRACT FULFILMENT ON SATISFACTION AND FUTURE BEHAVIORAL INTENTION".

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  • Event Management, an International Journal, intends to meet the research and analytic needs of a rapidly growing profession focused on events. This field has developed in size and impact globally to become a major business with numerous dedicated facilities, and a large-scale generator of tourism. The field encompasses meetings, conventions, festivals, expositions, sport and other special events. Event management is also of considerable importance to government agencies and not-for-profit organizations in a pursuit of a variety of goals, including fund-raising, the fostering of causes, and community development.
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