Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Origin of clay minerals in soils on pyroclastic deposits in the island of Lipari (Italy)

Buy Article:

$25.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

The island of Lipari (Italy) is characterized by calc-alkaline to potassic volcanism and a Mediterranean-type climate. The mineralogical and chemical features of two different soil profiles with ages of 92,000 and 10,000–40,000 y, respectively, have been investigated. There were no Andisols, but Vitric and Vertic Cambisols have developed at both sites. Although the morphology of the soils was similar, remarkable differences in the clay mineralogy between the two sites were observed. The site with the Vitric Cambisol was associated with the weathering sequence: glass → halloysite → kaolinite or interstratified kaolinite-2:1 clay minerals. Both sites had smectite in the clay fraction and, to a large extent, this smectite had a low charge and could be characterized as a dioctahedral montmorillonite. At the site with a Vertic Cambisol, smectite was the predominant mineral phase in the clay fraction. The smectites (predominantly montmorillonite) found in this soil were probably not of pedogenetic origin and are, therefore, inherited from the parent material. Their formation is due to hydrothermal alteration of glass particles during or immediately after the emplacement of the pyroclastic flow. The octahedral character of the smectites did not change from the C to the A horizon indicating that they are resistant to weathering processes. A high-charge expandable mineral was detected in small concentrations in the Vertic Cambisol and had a dioctahedral structure. In this case also, no signs of significant weathering or transformation could be detected in the soil profile. In contrast to many other investigations, no active smectite formation within the soil profiles could be measured. The subtropical and rather dry climate in Lipari might, therefore, favor the persistence of dioctahedral low-charge montmorillonites that are associated with a small amount of a high-charge expandable mineral in the soil.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: HALLOYSITE; KAOLINITE; MONTMORILLONITE; SMECTITE; VOLCANIC ENVIRONMENT; WEATHERING

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2005

More about this publication?
  • The JOURNAL publishes articles of interest to the international community of clay scientists, including but not limited to areas in mineralogy, crystallography, geology, geochemistry, sedimentology, soil science, agronomy, physical chemistry, colloid chemistry, ceramics, petroleum engineering, foundry engineering, and soil mechanics. Clays and Clay Minerals exists to disseminate to its worldwide readership the most recent developments in all of these aspects of clay materials. Manuscripts are welcome from all countries.

    Clays and Clay Minerals is the official publication of The Clay Minerals Society.

    The Editor-in-Chief is Professor Joseph W. Stucki [email protected]

    Publications of The Clay Minerals Society
    Source Clays

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Membership Information
  • Annual Meeting of The Clay Minerals Society
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
UA-1313315-24
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more