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Open Access Transformations in Weekly Birth Distribution. A Temporal Analysis 1940-2010 Transformaciones en la distribución semanal de nacimientos. Un análisis temporal 1940-2010

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The seasonality of births is an issue that has received much attention in the literature. Empirical evidence has revealed that annual birth distributions have evolved from environmentally-regulated fertility patterns to models that are dominated by socio-cultural factors. This study expands upon this literature by examining the weekly distribution of births and its evolution over the past decades. Using the micro-data of the municipal register files of the Valencian Community (n=3,674,110), we empirically reveal that the current organization of work schedules in the healthcare sector impacts the weekly distribution of births, resulting in the hegemonic position of the medical profession. This has been confirmed by the change in the distribution of births, by days of the week, since the mid-20th century until the present date.

El estudio de la estacionalidad de los nacimientos es una cuestión que ha recibido una importante atención en la literatura. La evidencia empírica muestra que las distribuciones anuales de nacimientos han evolucionado desde patrones de fecundidad regulados por el medio ambiente hacia modelos dominados por factores socioculturales. Este trabajo profundiza en esta literatura estudiando la distribución semanal de nacimientos y su evolución durante las últimas décadas. Utilizando datos del padrón de habitantes de la Comunitat Valenciana (n=3.674.110), mostramos empíricamente que la organización actual de los tiempos de trabajo en el sector sanitario está impactando sobre la distribución semanal de nacimientos, al imponer el cuerpo médico su posición hegemónica. Se constata un cambio en la distribución de nacimientos, por días de la semana, desde mediados del siglo xx hasta la actualidad.

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Language: Spanish

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2017

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  • Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas (REIS) is a quarterly publication of the Center for Sociological Research (Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas - CIS), and constitutes one of the main editorial activities of CIS. REIS was first published in 1978, with the main goal of disseminating the results of sociological research aiming at a better understanding of the Spanish society. Its historic course and the high level of quality demanded on its contributions has situated REIS in an outstanding position as a reference journal in the area of the Social Sciences. The journal covers a wide range of topics in the field of Sociology and Political Science in general.

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