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Open Access How Important is Physical Attractiveness in the Marriage Market? ¿Importa el atractivo físico en el mercado matrimonial?

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The aim of the paper is to discover how important physical attractiveness is in finding a partner and in the type of partnership sought. Two surveys (2975 and 3004 by the CIS) and several methods were employed: linear probability models and fixed-effect multi-level models. For men, the results show that being unattractive decreases the likelihood of finding a partner, of finding a partner with a university degree, and of finding a partner with a higher educational level. For women, physical attractiveness does not affect the likelihood of any of those events occurring. The study has also found out that physical attractiveness has more of an influence on people with a working class background to find a partner with higher educational attainment. These results are unexpected and pose a challenge to the theory of erotic capital.

Spanish
El objetivo del artículo es saber si ser físicamente atractivo/a importa para emparejarse y para el tipo de emparejamiento. Para ello se han utilizado dos encuestas (la 2975 y la 3004 del CIS) y se han empleado varios métodos: modelos de probabilidad lineal y análisis multinivel con efectos fijos. Entre los varones, los resultados indican que ser poco atractivo reduce la probabilidad de emparejarse, de emparejarse con una universitaria y de emparejarse con alguien que tenga más estudios. Entre las mujeres, el atractivo físico no influye en ninguno de esos fenómenos. También se ha descubierto que el atractivo físico influye más en los hijos de la clase obrera para emparejarse con alguien que tenga más estudios. Estos resultados son inesperados y suponen un reto para la teoría del capital erótico.

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Keywords: EROTIC CAPITAL; • MARRIAGE; • PARTNERSHIP FORMATION; • SOCIAL CLASSES; • SOCIAL MOBILITY

Language: Spanish

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2017

More about this publication?
  • Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas (REIS) is a quarterly publication of the Center for Sociological Research (Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas - CIS), and constitutes one of the main editorial activities of CIS. REIS was first published in 1978, with the main goal of disseminating the results of sociological research aiming at a better understanding of the Spanish society. Its historic course and the high level of quality demanded on its contributions has situated REIS in an outstanding position as a reference journal in the area of the Social Sciences. The journal covers a wide range of topics in the field of Sociology and Political Science in general.

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