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Open Access Structural Analysis of Electoral Abstention in the 2014 European Parliamentary Elections La abstención electoral en las elecciones al Parlamento Europeo de 2014: análisis estructural de sus componentes

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Electoral abstention in second-order elections has been an area of relative interest in political science research, especially in the case of elections to the European Parliament. These types of elections present a number of specific features regarding motives for abstention. Beyond the traditional interpretations related to contextual and socio-demographic factors, we examine a number of components that are attitudinal in nature, related to punishment and electoral experimentation, and that are the result of political disaffection. In order to explore these factors, we have constructed a structural equation model (SEM) that describes and explains the specific effect of each of these components on the participation of the Spanish electorate in the May 2014 European Parliamentary elections.

Spanish
La abstención electoral en comicios de segundo orden ha sido un asunto de relativo interés en los estudios de ciencia política, especialmente en el caso de las elecciones al Parlamento Europeo. Sin embargo, este tipo de consulta presenta una serie de rasgos específicos relacionados con las motivaciones para la abstención. A las clásicas interpretaciones relacionadas con los elementos contextuales y sociodemográficos debemos añadir una serie de componentes de carácter actitudinal, relacionados con castigo o la experimentación electoral, fruto de la desafección política. Con el objeto de indagar en estos aspectos, el presente trabajo pretende construir un modelo estructural (SEM) que describa y explique los efectos específicos de cada uno de estos componentes en la participación de los españoles para las elecciones al Parlamento Europeo de mayo de 2014.

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Keywords: ELECTORAL ABSTENTION; • ELECTORAL BEHAVIOUR; • EUROPEAN ELECTION; • POLITICAL TRUST

Language: Spanish

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2017

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  • Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas (REIS) is a quarterly publication of the Center for Sociological Research (Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas - CIS), and constitutes one of the main editorial activities of CIS. REIS was first published in 1978, with the main goal of disseminating the results of sociological research aiming at a better understanding of the Spanish society. Its historic course and the high level of quality demanded on its contributions has situated REIS in an outstanding position as a reference journal in the area of the Social Sciences. The journal covers a wide range of topics in the field of Sociology and Political Science in general.

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